Extras announced for the BFI DVD of Out Of The Unknown (due Oct 2014)

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An impressive list of extras have been announced for the BFI DVD of Out Of The Unknown, due for release in October 2014. In addition to the twenty surviving episodes –

Return of the Unknown (2014, 42 mins). All-new documentary with cast and crew interviews, and clips from lost episodes.

11 audio commentaries with cast, crew and experts. Moderated by actor-comedian Toby Hadoke.

Archival interview with director James Cellan Jones.

Episode reconstructions for Beach Head, The Naked Sun, The Yellow Pill, and The Uninvited.

Film insert from Deathday episode.

Seven extensive stills galleries.

Fully illustrated booklet with essays by Out of the Unknown expert Mark Ward.

Out Of The Unknown was a ground-breaking BBC science fiction anthology series that ran between 1965 and 1971. OOTU adapted stories from the likes of Frederick Pohl, E.M. Forster, Isaac Asimov, Ray Bradbury and John Wyndham with an impressive roll-call of talent both in front of and behind the camera.

Acting-wise, George Cole, Wendy Craig, Graham Stark, Rachel Roberts, David Hemmings, Warren Mitchell, Hannah Gordon and Burt Kwouk were amongst the featured players whilst Ridley Scott was one of a number of designers who brought the series’ future visions to life.

Initially this was going to be a fairly bare-bones release, but the BFI were amenable to consider various proposals regarding extras.  For example, Toby Hadoke (an experienced commentary moderator on the Doctor Who DVDs) approached them on spec and the result is a series of commentaries that should be one of the highlights of the release.

This looks like it should be one of the best Archive TV releases of the year.

A brief history of OOTU is here with a full DVD review to follow in October.

Out Of The Unknown (BBC2, 1965-1971)

 

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Out Of The Unknown was an anthology programme that ran for four series between 1965 and 1971. Whilst the majority of the episodes were adaptations of already published stories, others (particularly those in the fourth series) were original works.

The first three series concentrated on science fiction stories, whilst the fourth and final series had a broader remit – covering psychological horror and supernatural themes.

Like most programmes of the era, many episodes were wiped following transmission. Of the 49 episodes, only 20 now remain complete in the archive.  In addition to this, a thirty minute section of The Little Black Bag exists, whilst there are shorter clips from The Fox and the Forest, Andover and the Android, Satisfaction Guaranteed, Liar! and The Last Witness.  Complete audio soundtracks also exist for The Naked Sun, Beach Head, The Yellow Pill and The Uninvited.

With a seven disc DVD due to be released shortly by the BFI, this would seem to be a good time to take a brief look at the production history of the series.

Background

Irene Shubik had joined ABC Television in 1960, working as a story editor on Armchair Theatre under producer Sydney Newman.  Both were keen on producing a SF version of Armchair Theatre, so Out Of This World was born.  It was transmitted on ABC in 1962 and was presented by Boris Karloff with Leonard White producing and Shubik acting as story editor.

Like the later Out Of The Unknown, the series was a mixture of adaptations and new stories.  Short stories were adapted from writers including Isaac Asimov, Philip K. Dick and Clifford D. Simak.  The series was also noteworthy for including the first original SF script from a young Welsh writer called Terry Nation.  A year later he would contribute the second story to a new Saturday tea-time series for BBC1 called Doctor Who, and his creations – The Daleks – would remain iconic figures to this day.

Shortly after the transmission of Out Of This World, Sydney Newman moved to the BBC to take up the post as Head of Drama.  He would take many colleagues from ABC with him, including Shubik.  Shubik agreed to move provided she was promoted to producer within a year.  Newman agreed, and Shubik joined the BBC in 1963.

Her first job was as story editor on Story Parade.  This was designed to be the main drama strand on the new channel, BBC2, and was an anthology series that adapted some popular modern novels.  One of the best received episodes was a dramatisation of Isaac Asimov’s The Caves of Steel starring Peter Cushing.  The success of this led to Shubik’s opportunity to create a new SF series, Out Of The Unknown, for which she would be both story editor and producer.  George Spenton-Foster would act as associate producer.

Series One

Shubik was quickly to find that sourcing acceptable material was something of a problem.  She was later to say that in order to select a dozen stories she had to read hundreds more.  And even when Shubik found a story that she considered worthy of adaptation, the problems were far from over.  Sometimes it was impossible to agree terms with the author or the copyright holders or it could be that the concepts would be impossible to realise on the available budget.

John Carnell, founder of the SF magazine New Worlds was a valuable contact.  He suggested many stories and authors for Shubik to investigate.  She also had many thoughts of her own, one tantalising possibility – sadly never realised – was the idea to approach Nigel Kneale to request a new Quatermass story.

After all the sifting of material, Shubik had assembled a series of twelve stories.  Ten were adaptations of existing material with two original scripts.

The first series was broadcast between October and December 1965.  The episodes listed in bold are the ones that exist in the archives.

101 “No Place Like Earth” by John Wyndham, adapted by Stanley Miller
102 “The Counterfeit Man” by Alan Nourse, adapted by Philip Broadley
103 “Stranger in the Family” by David Campton
104 “The Dead Past” by Isaac Asimov, adapted by Jeremy Paul
105 “Time in Advance” by William Tenn, adapted by Paul Erickson
106 “Come Buttercup, Come Daisy, Come…?” by Mike Watts
107 “Sucker Bait” by Isaac Asimov, adapted by Meade Roberts
108 “The Fox and the Forest” by Ray Bradbury, adapted by Terry Nation
109 “Andover and the Android” by Kate Wilhelm, adapted by Bruce Stewart
110 “Some Lapse of Time” by John Brunner, adapted by Leon Griffiths
111 “Thirteen to Centaurus” by J. G. Ballard, adapted by Stanley Mille
112 “The Midas Plague” by Frederik Pohl, adapted by Troy Kennedy Martin

There was some debate as to which was the better story to open the series with.  Whilst The Counterfeit Man by Alan Nourse was considered to be a strong episode, No Place Like Earth was adapted from a tale by the respected writer John Wyndham.  Newman decided to lead with the Wyndham, which was essentially two individual Wyndham stories joined together to produce the final programme.

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The critical response was poor, with The Times writing that although there was a clear social message, the story moved: “so extremely slowly and with heavily sententious dialogue underlining what is perfectly clear without its assistance.”

The second episode, The Counterfeit Man, gained more positive reviews, which seemed to confirm that it would have been sensible to debut with this story.  The Guardian wrote that: “this space crew was one of the most original and well-executed ideas I have seen on television.”

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After its fairly uncertain start, both the critical response and the ratings had picked up, so that by the time the final episode was transmitted, Out Of The Unknown was BBC2’s second most popular drama programme, after the US import The Virginian.

Series Two

As with the first series, Shubik made extensive research to locate suitable stories.  Whilst in the US, she placed an advertisement in the Science Fiction Writers Association magazine requesting suitable stories.  This yielded a response from Larry Eisenberg, who had two of his stories adapted.  Another two Isaac Asimov stories were tackled and there were three original scripts – by Hugh Leonard, Hugh Whitmore and William Trevor.

Probably the most critically acclaimed script from series two was The Machine Stops, adapted from the story by E.M. Forster.  Directed by Philip Saville, Shubik later called it “the most complex and technically demanding script I have ever had in my hands”.

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The hard work paid off as the story garnered impressive reviews as well as first prize at the International Science Fiction Film Festival in 1967.

The second series was broadcast between October 1966 and January 1967.  Surviving stories are highlighted in bold.

201 “The Machine Stops” by E. M. Forster, adapted by Kenneth Cavender & Clive Donner
202 “Frankenstein Mark II” by Hugh Whitmore
203 “Lambda 1” by Colin Kapp, adapted by Bruce Stewart
204 “Level Seven” by Mordecai Roshwald, adapted by  J. B. Priestley
205 “Second Childhood” by Hugh Leonard
206 “The World in Silence” by John Rankine, adapted by Robert Gould
207 “The Eye” by Henry Kuttner, adapted by Stanley Miller
208 “Tunnel Under the World” by Frederik Pohl, adapted by David Campton
209 “The Fastest Draw” by Larry Eisenberg, adapted by Hugh Whitmore
210 “Too Many Cooks” by Larry Eisenberg, adapted by Hugh Whitmore
211 “Walk’s End” by William Trevor
212 “Satisfaction Guaranteed” by Isaac Asimov, adapted by Hugh Leonard
213 “The Prophet” by Isaac Asimov, adapted by Robert Muller

Series opener, The Machine Stops, is one of the highlights from across all four series of Out Of The Unknown.  In the far future, all of humankind’s needs are catered for by “the machine”.  Each individual leads a solitary life, although they are connected to each other via the machine.  Some have begun to defy the machine, but would would happen if it stopped working?

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Another surviving episode, Level Seven, has impeccable credentials.  It was adapted by the celebrated playwright, J.B. Priestley, from the novel by Mordecai Roshwald.  It was also the first of two episodes to be directed by Rudolph Cartier and ran for an extra ten minutes.  The Level Seven of the title is the lowest level of an underground nuclear bunker, where following an atomic attack the inhabitants of the bunker have no other option but to wait for the radiation to seep down to them.  The Listener wrote that: “the tension was inescapable, the excitement incontestable.”

It’s a pity that so much of the second series is missing, including the two Asimov adaptations.  The Prophet, starring Beatrix Lehman as Dr Susan Calvin sounds particularly intriguing – but we should be thankful The Machine Stops and Level Seven escaped the archive purges.

Series Three

In 1967 Shubik was offered the co-producership of BBC1’s prestigious Wednesday Play.  Alan Bromley was appointed producer for the third series of Out Of The Unknown, with Roger Parkes as script editor.  The majority of the stories had already been commissioned by Shubik (back in 1966) so that when production began in earnest in early 1968, Bromley and Parkes largely confined themselves to polishing the stories that were already in place.  It wouldn’t be until the fourth and final series that they would make their creative mark.

Notable adaptations from the third series included several more stories from Isaac Asimov.  One of them, The Naked Sun, was the sequel to The Caves of Steel, which had been dramatised for Story Parade back in 1963.  Clifford B. Simak and John Wyndham were two other popular writers who had their stories adapted whilst there were three original scripts – from Donald Bull, Brian Hayles and Michael Ashe.

The third series was broadcast between January and April 1969.  The sole existing story is highlighted in bold, whilst approximately half of The Little Black Bag also exists.

301 “Immortality, Inc.” by Robert Sheckley, adapted by Jack Pulman
302 “Liar!” by Isaac Asimov, adapted by David Campton
303 “The Last Lonely Man” by John Brunner, adapted by Jeremy Paul
304 “Beach Head” by Clifford D. Simak, adapted by Robert Muller
305 “Something in the Cellar” by Donald Bull
306 “Random Quest” by John Wyndham, adapted by Owen Holder
307 “The Naked Sun” by Isaac Asimov, adapted by Robert Muller
308 “The Little Black Bag” by C. M. Kornbluth, adapted by Julian Bond
309 “1+1=1.5” by Brian Hayles
310 “The Fosters” by Michael Ashe
311 “Target Generation” by Clifford D. Simak, adapted by Clive Exton
312 “The Yellow Pill” by Rog Phillips, adapted by Leon Griffiths
313 “Get Off My Cloud” by Peter Phillips, adapted by David Climie

Amongst the wiped stories are some interesting sounding tales, like Beach Head, which featured Ed Bishop and some impressive sets as well as Brian Hayles’ 1 + 1 = 1.5.  This is set in the early 21st century where the population is strictly limited, so there is embarrassment when the wife of a population officer becomes pregnant for the second time, despite being licenced for only one child.

The only story that survives complete from this series is The Last Lonely Man by John Brunner, adapted by Jeremy Paul.  In the future, those close to death can choose to transfer their memories to a relative or a friend.  But Patrick (Peter Halliday) appears to be friendless and unloved, so what can he do?

The final story of series three sounds particularly intriguing.  Get Off My Cloud tells the story of SF writer Marsham Craswell (Peter Jeffrey) who has had a nervous breakdown and is lying inert in a hospital bed.  To bring him back to reality, the doctors use a new device that links Craswell’s mind with that of Peter Parnell (Donal Donnelly).  Together they join forces to battle the demons in Craswell’s mind.

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After a two year gap, Out Of The Unknown would return for a final series.

Series Four

In many ways the fourth and final series bore little resemblance to the previous three series.  Alan Bromley was of the opinion that in the aftermath of the early Moon landings: “just setting a story somewhere in space is not the automatic thrill it once was.”

Rather than SF, series four would concentrate on stories of psychological suspense and only one episode, Deathday, was an adaptation of an existing work – the remainder were original stories.

The fourth series was broadcast between April and June 1971.  Existing stories are highlighted in bold.

401 “Taste of Evil” by John Wiles
402 “To Lay A Ghost” by Michael J. Bird
403 “This Body Is Mine” by John Tully
404 “Deathday” by Angus Hall, adapted by Brian Hayles
405 “The Sons and Daughters of Tomorrow” by Edward Boyd
406 “Welcome Home” by Moris Farhi
407 “The Last Witness” by Martin Worth
408 “The Man in My Head” by John Wiles
409 “The Chopper” by Nigel Kneale
410 “The Uninvited” by Michael J. Bird
411 “The Shattered Eye” by David T. Chantler

Some viewers were dismayed by the move away from SF and there’s no denying that the results were pretty mixed.  With 5 of the 11 episodes existing, we have a fairly good cross section of stories in which to judge the series overall.

Best of what remains is The Man In My Head by John Wiles.  Set at some point in the future, a group of soldiers are carrying out a mission of sabotage.  They don’t know exactly who they are fighting or why, because their instructions have been subliminally implanted and are triggered by radio impulses.  As the debate of brainwashing soldiers in Vietnam was still very current, this was a story that is certainly in tune with the times.

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Right at the other end of the scale is To Lay A Ghost by Michael J. Bird.  This story has long been a topic of debate and it will be interesting to see how it is received once it is more widely available via the DVD.  Newly-married Eric Carver (Iain Gregory) and Diana (Lesley-Anne Down) move into their dream-house, but there seems to be something wrong.

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Diana has been traumatised after being raped as a schoolgirl, and whilst their relationship has never been physical, Eric is patient and loving.  When strange things happen in their new house, Eric calls in para-psychologist Dr Phillimore (Peter Barkworth) who concludes that the house is haunted by the ghost of a murderer and rapist and that Diana’s own repressed sexual desires have summoned the ghost. Therefore we are left with the impression that Diana can only gain sexual gratification via rape, which is pretty distasteful.

It’s a shame that this story exists, but that Nigel Kneale’s “The Chopper” – starring Patrick Troughton – doesn’t.  Garage owner Jimmy (Troughton) converts motorbikes into choppers and has just done so with one that was mangled after a nasty accident.  The spirit of the dead owner is reluctant to leave the bike though, and is keen on wreaking as much destruction as possible.

Conclusion

With less than half the episodes from the four series existing, it sometimes can be difficult to assess exactly how good the series was.  From what exists, there are certainly some quality productions as well as some more plodding ones.

The forthcoming DVD should allow a fuller reassessment  of what remains, as the copies which have been in circulation for the last few decades are mostly fairly poor quality, with some of them being timecoded dubs from the original BBC master tapes.

The DVD copies will, of course, offer a substantial increase in picture quality.  So when we can clearly see and hear the story, some editions may be more warmly received!

It is a shame that some of the more intriguing episodes are lost – such as Asimov’s The Naked Sun (along with virtually the rest of the third series) and Nigel Kneale’s original script for series four.

But what we do have is a pretty decent collection of stories, although heavily concentrated on the first series (ten episodes exist from series one with the remaining ten episodes drawn from series two – four).

With so many BBC programmes languishing in the archive, it’s wonderful to see the time and care taken by the BFI to release this and with a good collection of supplementary features to compliment the stories.  Hopefully sales will be healthy which maybe will allow other treasures to be released in the future.

Commentary participants for Out Of The Unknown (BFI DVD) announced

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The commentary participants for the forthcoming BFI DVD of Out Of The Unknown (to be released in October 2014) have been announced by Toby Hadoke on his website.

All commentaries are moderated by Toby and they feature a comprehensive collection of guests –

No Place Like Earth with Mark Ward (Out Of The Unknown expert) and Dan Rebellato (playwright, lecturer and John Wyndham expert).

The Dead Past with John Gorrie (director) and Brian Hodgson (Special Sounds).

Time In Advance with Peter Sasdy (director), Wendy Gifford (Polly), Philip Voss (Police Officer) and Danvers Walker (Dan).

Sucker Bait with Clive Endersby (Mark), Roger Croucher (Fawkes).

Some Lapse Of Time with Roger Jenkins (director), John Glenister (PA), Jane Downs (Diana Harrow) and Delena Kidd (Dr Laura Denville).

The Midas Plague with Peter Sasdy.

The Machine Stops with Philip Saville (director), Kenneth Cavander (adaptor), Michael Imison (story editor).

Level 7 with Mordecai Roshwald (author), Michael Imison (story editor).

This Body Is Mine with John Carson (Allen).

Welcome Home with Moris Fahri (writer), Bernard Brown (Bowers Two).

The Man In My Head with Peter Cregeen (director), Tom Chadbon (Brinson), Jeremy Davies (designer).

Given the short time that was available to record these commentaries, the range of participants assembled Is extremely impressive.  The 11 commentary tracks should shine plenty of new light on the making of these stories and they promise to be one of the highlights of an impressive sounding package.

The complete list of extras can be found here.

A brief history of Out Of The Unknown is here.

Trailer for the BFI DVD release of Out of the Unknown

With the release of Out of the Unknown less than a week away, the BFI have put this rather nice trailer up.

This link will take you to the BFI’s website, where there’s highlights of an Out of the Unknown panel moderated by Toby Hadoke and featuring director John Gorrie, SFX sound engineer Brian Hodgson and author Mark Ward.

For more info on the DVD set, please look here, here and here.

An overview of all four series can be found here.

Out of the Unknown (BFI DVD Review)

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As I’ll be posting individual reviews of each episode as I move through the set during the next month or two, I’m going to take a quick look here at the content in general, the picture quality and also examine the special features.  The episodes and special features are spread across the seven discs like this –

Disc One
No Place Like Earth (+ audio commentary) (53 minutes)
The Counterfeit Man (59 minutes)
Stranger in the Family (53 minutes)
The Dead Past (+ audio commentary) (60 minutes)
Stills Gallery 1 (6 minutes)

Disc Two
Time in Advance (+ audio commentary) (58 minutes)
Come Buttercup, Come Daisy, Come…? (61 minutes)
Sucker Bait (+ audio commentary) (59 minutes)
Stills Gallery 2 (4 minutes)

Disc Three
Some Lapse of Time (+ audio commentary) (60 minutes)
Thirteen to Centaurus (60 minutes)
The Midas Plague (+ audio commentary) (63 minutes)
Stills Gallery 3 (3 minutes)

Disc Four
The Machine Stops (+ audio commentary) (51 minutes)
Lambda I (51 minutes)
Level Seven (+ audio commentary) (60 minutes)
Tunnel Under the World (52 minutes)
Stills Gallery 4 (9 minutes)

Disc Five
The Last Lonely Man (50 minutes)
Beach Head [reconstruction] (50 minutes)
The Naked Sun [reconstruction] (50 minutes)
The Little Black Bag [incomplete] (31 minutes)
An Interview with James Cellan Jones (16 minutes)
Stills Gallery 5 (19 minutes)

Disc Six
The Yellow Pill [reconstruction] (50 minutes)
To Lay a Ghost (50 minutes)
This Body is Mine (+ audio commentary) (49 minutes)
Deathday (48 minutes)
Deathday film insert (1 minute)
Stills Gallery 6 (8 minutes)

Disc Seven
Welcome Home (+ audio commentary) (50 minutes)
The Man in My Head (+ audio commentary) (48 minutes)
The Uninvited [reconstruction] (47 minutes)
Return of the Unknown (42 minutes)
Stills Gallery 7 (8 minutes)

The video was restored by Peter Crocker and the audio by Mark Ayres.  Both names will be familiar to some people via their work on the Classic Doctor Who DVD range, but the PQ on OOTU is a little more variable than the Doctor Who releases.  Crocker discusses the various reasons why this is the case in the booklet included with the DVD.  For the majority of the B&W episodes, existing tape transfers were used and then cleaned up as much as possible, although some (like Tunnel under the World) had so much damage that a full restoration was impossible.  Generally though, the picture quality is as good as could be expected.  The film sequences on some stories are out of phase (a common occurrence on material of this age) but it’s difficult to see how, given the time and budget, things could have been any better.

The menu screens are quite simple, with a static image and no music.

Apart from the audio commentaries (where the ever-cheerful Toby Hadoke teases reminiscences from both actors and technical staff) and a new 42 minute documentary, the most substantial extras are four reconstructed episodes.  Anybody who’s ever seen a Doctor Who recon will be familiar with how three of them (Beach Head, The Naked Sun and The Yellow Pill) are presented.  Available publicity photographs (along with a little CGI) have been married up to the original soundtrack to produce a pretty watchable experience.  The audios all sound pretty good (and subtitles can be switched on if there’s ever any muffled dialogue).  The audio of The Naked Sun is incomplete, so subs help to explain what’s happening during the audio-less sections.  Photographs for The Uninvited are thin on the ground, so the audio for this recon is matched up to the camera script.

Below are a number of screenshots from a variety of episodes. Although I’ve only scratched the surface of this release, it looks an impressive package, with a healthy selection of special features which help to place the original stories in context.

Out of the Unknown – No Place Like Earth

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Story by John Wyndham, Adapted by Stanley Miller
Directed by Peter Potter

Ever since his home planet of Earth was destroyed, Bert (Terence Morgan) has been scratching a living on Mars as an odd-job man.  Mars isn’t such a bad place – the indigenous population are unspoilt and friendly, but he yearns for a chance to build a new Earth.

When he hears about the colony on Venus, it seems like just the chance he’s been looking for.  But he quickly realises that it’s a brutal totalitarian regime that ruthlessly exploits the primitive locals (the Griffas).  Bert is attached to a work-party run by the merciless Khan (George Pastell).  Khan mocks Bert’s idealism and asks him to name one great civilisation that wasn’t built on exactly this type of labour.

Eventually Bert comes to realise that his future doesn’t involve creating a new Earth, instead it’s back on Mars with the people that he loves and who love him.

Out of the Unknown producer Irene Shubik wasn’t keen to launch the series with this episode, but head of drama (Sydney Newman) insisted.  Then, as now, the name of John Wyndham was a considerable draw.

Whilst No Place Like Earth isn’t the strongest story from the early run of the series, it still has plenty of interest.  Terence Morgan (a familiar face from the ITC swashbuckler Sir Francis Drake) is good value as the idealistic Bert.  Alan Tilvern is smoothly persuasive as Blane, the man who recruits Bert to work on Venus whilst George Pastell is suitably boo-hiss evil as the brutal Khan.

The moral of the story isn’t particularly subtle, but it’s a reasonable enough message which deserves to be heard.  The matte shot at the start of the story (showing Bert piloting his craft on the Martian lakes) is very impressive.  The exploding spaceship at the end is, sadly, rather less impressive.

Next Up – The Counterfeit Man

Out of the Unknown – The Counterfeit Man

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Story by Alan Nouse, Adapted by Philip Broadley
Directed by George Spenton-Foster

After the somewhat sedate opening episode, The Counterfeit Man offers a sharp change of pace – with much more of a hard-SF feel and a theme of body horror. As we’ll see as we make our way through the series, this was always one of OOTU’s great strengths – the tone would change from week to week, so you could never predict the type of story that would turn up next.

The crew of a space-ship are returning home to Earth after a mission to one of Jupiter’s moons – Ganymede. However, Dr Crawford (Alexander Davion) is perturbed by the medical records of one of the crew, Westcott (David Hemmings). Westcott has a blood sugar level of zero, which is impossible. Crawford is convinced that Westcott was killed on Ganymede and his form was then assumed by an unknown alien entity.

Crawford decides that the only way to be certain is to push Westcott to the point of madness and force the alien to reveal its true nature ….

A year before he achieved international fame in Blow Up, Hemmings took the lead role in this creepily effective OOTU. Westcott is so normal and well-balanced that it’s impossible to believe he could be a murderous alien. Hemmings is able to portray very effectively Westcott’s descent into madness as Crawford initiates a witch-hunt against him.

Due to all the crew sporting similar haircuts, it took a little while for me to twig that Crawford was played by Alexander Davion (who had starred alongside John Gregson in Gideon’s Way). Davion goes a little over the top at times, but it’s still a good turn – especially the ending which he plays very well.

The space-ship has a very pleasing design – there’s something about the 1960’s version of the distant future which is quite effective. All the solid-state technology may look a little out of date, even now, but it does have an undeniable charm. Music is generally quite sparse, except for the visual sequences of Westcott’s disintegration. Some of the sound effects will be very familiar to anybody who’s ever watched the black and white Doctor Who’s.

A strong episode, with good performances and an unsettling ending.

Next up – Stranger in the Family